The foreign policy consequences of economic dependence, or the “Hirschmanesque Effects”, have spawned a large body of literature. In recent years, this subfield of research experienced a revival, which to a large extent can be attributed to China’s economic rise. Many researchers attempt to answer the question whether China’s economic power has translated to political influence and resulted in foreign policy alignment by other countries. Some also discuss the question in the context of Sino-US rivalry.
The seminar will discuss the growing links between Russian actors and Western far-right activists, publicists, ideologues, and politicians. It will show that the Russian establishment was first interested in using the Western far right to legitimise Moscow’s politics and actions both domestically and internationally, but more recently Moscow has begun to support particular far-right political forces to gain leverage on European politics and undermine the liberal-democratic consensus in the West.