A new paper titled The Gramscian Politics of Europe's Rule of Law Crisis, co-authored by Bela Greskovits, Dorothee Bohle and Marek Naczyk, was published in Journal of European Public Policy.
The paper is open access and can be found here: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13501763.2023.2182342
The paper explores the long-term trajectory and the recent acceleration of the conflict over the rule of law in the EU. It focusses on the motivation of the two governments in Hungary and Poland to challenge European core values increasingly aggressively even directly at EU level despite the threat of significant material costs to both countries. Putting forward a Gramscian understanding, we argue that this radicalization is the result of a counter-hegemonic strategy that aims at replacing the liberal order with a new, nationalist, ultraconservative, Christian order on domestic and European levels. The paper traces core elements of this strategy which are either disputed or underestimated in existing literature, most importantly the pursuit of a core ideology and the massive and long-term investment into winning moral and cultural leadership through the penetration of civil society which precedes and complements electoral strategies and autocratic institution building.The paper is open access, please find the link attached.