The aim of this presentation is to share with the audience the conceptual framework of a larger research project on socio-political upheavals and (trans-)formations in the Middle East. Analytically, it endeavours to investigate the recent upheavals and (trans-)formations in the region (such as possible political regime changes) by integrating the impact of non-discursive factors (i.e. global capitalist economy) to discursive factors (i.e. the dominant view of international and national intellectuals, executive orientations, political will of the agents, the perceived causes of socio-economic crises) and suggest better ways to explain them. Empirically, it aims to examine five case studies (Egypt, Tunisia, Iran, Turkey and Bahrein) to understand under what conditions and for which motives social-political upheavals occur, lead into (trans-)formations and succeed or fail reaching their aims.